What you should know about prolapses in chicken & how to treat it.
Prolapse is a very serious condition that can be treated if caught early, but is likely to recur. Let learn how?
Prolapse vent in chickens, also known as prolapsed oviduct, blow-out, cloacal prolapse, or pickout, “is a condition in which the lower part of a hen’s oviduct turns inside out and protrudes through the vent.
COMMON CAUSES OF PROLAPSE
- chickens that begin laying too young and are underweight
- eggs that are too large
- older chickens that are obese
- a calcium deficiency
- holding droppings for a long period of time, causing stress and stretching of the cloaca
- separate from flock
- clean protruding tissue well (I use Vetericyn after a bath)
- replace the tissue manually
- apply a cream or continue spraying with Vetericyn 2-3 times per day until healed.
- provide thesaurus organic drugs or liquid calcium to restore the ability of the uterus muscle to contract properly
- if tissue is compromised by pecking or is especially dirty, antibiotics may be indicated, which will require a vet visit
- monitor vigilantly for the lifetime of the chicken
Many sources of information on prolapse indicate that chickens with prolapse should be culled. I suspect this recommendation is made for large poultry operations, not backyard chicken-keepers since prolapse is often manageable. Given that prolapse is likely to happen again, as long as the status of the hen’s condition is monitored, culling is ordinarily unnecessary. The biggest danger to a chicken with prolapse is other chickens peaking at the reddened area; picking can result in hemorrhage and/or the chicken’s oviduct and/or intestines being pulled out and letter leads to cannibalism.
Let me illustrate how our partners birds was treated of prolapses vent.
It was a hot afternoon here in Nigeria when Mr Paul called us that few of his birds are showing some symptoms, I called one of our experts with me an we rushed to his farm. I could see him worried. We separated the birds, diagnosed them and found out it was prolapse. We took one the bird was unable to pass the droppings stuck in her vent due to swelling, so I applied gentle pressure to the sides of the prolapsed tissue to remove it.
The prolapse immediately receded, but only momentarily. I next put her into the sink, filling it with warm water to clean the droppings off her feathers and cleaned the protruding tissue with Vaseline. I then wrapped her in a large towel, covering her head loosely as I was working solo and this calms chickens. She sat still the entire time I worked on her. I then gently guided the prolapsed tissue into its proper location. The concern now is in keeping the tissue in place. So far, so good. I added Thesaurus Organic drugs to her water for the added calcium and stress.
The bird was kept isolated from the rest of the flock and her access to light limited to less than 12 hours per day to discourage egg-laying, giving her oviduct time to rest. We did same to the remaining 3 birds and also isolated them.