More than 100 Ways you can venture into agriculture and earn money.
It’s everyone’s dream right? To be able to make money farming and quit your day job and live the good homestead life while supporting yourself and your family along the way. This dream may seem unattainable- but it’s not! With hard work, good planning, and living within your means you can earn easily earn enough money to create that life you want- a life where all of your income comes from your farm and you can quit working for others!
The biggest thing to remember when you think about making money farming is to use everything. Use every part of a crop. Every part of an animal. Create multiple income streams so that not all of your eggs are in one basket. No matter how small the income stream may seem, all those little sales can add up to create one full time, livable income!
Note: You will have to do a deep research and your feasibility test on each each of them .
You can make a lot of money with a small flock of chickens– here are some of the ways.
Raise other poultry– duck, quail, turkey, etc. for meat. Butcher and package for sale.
Sell farm fresh chicken eggs.
Sell duck eggs– they are very popular! Find out more about the nutritional differences! (Here are some tips on how to sell duck eggs)
Raise meat chickens. Butcher and package them for sale.
Sell quail eggs– certain ethnic groups LOVE quail eggs
Sell laying hens. Lots of people don’t like to raise up chicks!
Sell off your older, unproductive hens for the stew pot.
Open up a hatchery and sell day old chicks for profit
Sell fertile hatching eggs
Sell feathers from your birds to crafters. Guinea and rooster feathers are particularly popular
Raise and sell all of the above for all types of poultry! Don’t limit yourself to chickens- they aren’t the only option!
Rearing exotic cattle – keep just the right number of breeds for mostly producing milk. Do not keep 1000 herds of cattle when your land can only support 6, just because you have them. Chicken droppings when treated, are also used to feed cattle. Acquire breeds that produce a lot of milk, disease resistant, grow fast to weigh a lot.
Crops – “The crops depend on the animals and the animals depend on the crops” says Josephine Kiiza. Crops such as maize bran, cotton seed cake, soya are good fodder for animals after the fruit has been harvested.
Training – naturally, if your agricultural business is doing very well, so many people are going to be interested in learning how you are doing it, at a fee. So perfect the art of earning money from your agricultural business and training offers will flow in. as many people as you possibly can. Do not discriminate who can receive your knowledge and expertise. Share your success stories with whoever wants to know. Because you are willing to help other people succeed, more people will also want to help you succeed.
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Solar fruit drying – you dry fruits such as jack fruit, sweet bananas, pineapples, tomatoes, mangoes, gonja and exporting them to markets such as Europe at more than $25 per kilo. Also setting up a cereal bank for surplus food crops that can be used up during seasons of scarcity is a good idea. Check out our resources page for a solar fruit drying manual.
Bee keeping – St. Jude family projects has over 20 beehives from which they harvest honey for export at about ($5.5) per kilo. You also get Bee propolis, bee wax, pollination of crops. If you need a comprehensive manual on bee keeping, check out our resources page.
Fish farming – harvesting fish after 5 months, with a piece of fish selling for N1000. Cow dung, maize flour and rotting vegetables are good food for fish in the ponds. Fighting snakes – place boiled eggs along pond’s boundaries, which when swallowed by snake cannot be digested hence killing it. Also polythene sheets around the pond which snakes do not like. Scarecrows and placing damaged tape films across the ponds which make a whistling noise as wind blows scares birds away that want to eat the fish. Check out our blog page for a fish fishing manual.
Bio gas generation – Most valuable are the animals and birds droppings and organic crop waste which are used to generate biogas used for cooking, reducing time required to prepare meals.
Pig rearing – “two types of breeds, large white and land race.” They feed twice a day on concentrates of maize bran, cotton seed cake, soya, fishmeal and anthill soil, which is rich in iron. Pigs weigh over 200kg, whose droppings are used to make biogas and composite manure for crops. Pork is often more expensive than beef with asking price for kilo as N800/kg=. Check out our resources page for a pig rearing manual.
Grafting – Nursery of grafted fruit tree cuttings; fast growing fruit trees such as mangoes, oranges, lemons, avocado and passion fruit creepers. So many farmers still do not know how to apply this technique on their farms, providing such seedlings can be a great income source.
Fuel saving stoves and fireplaces – bringing the technology of fuel saving stoves closer to your community at a time when firewood is becoming more scarce and expensive can be very a great income source. Often the stoves are easy to make out of clay using a do-it-yourself method.
Mushroom and Vegetables growing – Mushrooms are a delicacy but they are not easy for young farmers to grow. Check out our resources page for a mushrooms and vegetable growing manuals.
Making compost manure – livestock and poultry droppings are used both as compost and renewable source of biogas. Organic waste from vegetables or from cooking at home can also be thrown onto the manure heap instead of becoming a hygiene problem as in many communities.
Rearing exotic goats for milk and meat – fast growing and high producing goats are now available. In their prime, milk goats can produce about 4 liters of milk every day. Check out our resources page for a goats rearing manual.
Methods of irrigation (drip irrigation, plant tea irrigation) – most farmers only depend on the rainy season which has become very unpredictable. More than ever, more farmers need to learn and use irrigation as a method of growing food. Africa needs to spend less money on importing food plus feeding our ever growing population.
Provide accommodation for visitors – if you can, set up structures for housing visitors who come to visit your agricultural projects. This is a generous way to contribute to the sustainability of your farm. When you provide accommodation, make sure the visitors eat food and products produced on the farm such as eggs, chicken, milk, vegetables, bananas…
Share what you are doing and your farming success with the rest of the community any way you can.
Network with other farmer groups or agricultural institutions – do not stay in one corner with what you are doing, and stop learning. Networking and learning how other farmers and experts are doing, is a good way to know what works and adopting new farming methods that increase production. Check out our resources page for a farmer’s communities and publications.
Plant trees – fruit trees, medicine trees for their shade and environmental protection. Neem trees are useful for healing many diseases and repelling mosquitoes. Mangoes and Mutuba tree leaves are good fodder for goats and shade. Trees planted along trenches control soil erosion. They also are used to provide wood for fuel.
Take it a step further, use information communication technologies(ICTs) to improve your agricultural business. Also having the 5 important skill sets for running a successful agricultural business that most farmers are not aware of, would be very good.
Raise up and sell goat meat
Sell goat milk fresh. If your area allows- raw milk can be very profitable
Take the milk one step farther and sell fresh goat cheese.
Goat’s milk is nutritious to your skin too- sell goat’s milk soap and lotion.
Not crafty? How about a rent-a-goat operation.
Got lots of land? How about raising and selling Beef? Grass fed is especially popular!
How about pigs? Pastured Pork brings in a good profit.
Is land an issue? Rabbits can be raised on very small lots.
Got a pond or an aquaponics set up? Fresh fish can be a viable option for sales.
Cow Milk– and other cow milk products like cheese, butter, yogurt can be sold locally
Fiber is big business these days. You can raise sheep, goats, alpacas, or even rabbits for fiber and sell it locally or online!
Any of the animals I’ve talked about so far and be raised and sold alive as breeding stock. If you just love raising them animals this is one of the most rewarding ways to make money.
Manure. Animals poop. It’s a way of life. If you find yourself overrun and can’t use it in your own gardens, bag up that manure and sell it to local organic gardeners.
Hide/Leather. Like I said, use every part of the animal. If you are butchering animals for meat- see if you can sell their hides as another income stream.
Don’t forget the bees! You can sell honey from your hives for top dollar.
And all that Beeswax can also be sold to crafters and herbalists- or anyone wanting to make candles or salve.
Making Money Farming with Labor and Services
Maybe livestock isn’t your thing and you are looking for ways to make money that don’t include animals. Chances are that along your homestead journey you have picked up a few skills. Or maybe you are just handy and can build and work like the best of them. These ideas will get the creative juices flowing and help you figure out how to use your skills to make money with your homestead.
Can you build? Good with plans and construction? Try offering your services to build barns or sheds to other less handy homesteaders.
Chickens are a big business. You can build backyard chicken coop or chicken tractors to sell to backyard chicken owners.
Got a tractor? Lots of people will pay you to do tractor work such as tilling, disking, etc.
If you heat with wood chances are you might have invested in a log splitter. Why not make it pay for itself by splitting firewood for others.
Take that tractor (or large mower) and put it to work by mowing or bush-hogging for pay?
If you are DIYer living on a wooded lot you might have a saw mill on site- put it to good use and make lumber using their trees.
Tractors aren’t the only tool you can provide services for. Put you chain saw to work and offer to clear down trees or take down trees.
Teach Homesteading Classes. Or butchering classes. Or Cheese making classes. The list of things you can teach is unlimited: soap making, archery, hunting, wildlife skills, edible plants, wild crafting. Basically any skill you have that could be beneficial to others. Be creative and offer a weekend course on your homestead!
Do you have a passion for horses? Giving Horseback Riding Lessons can be a viable option.
Teach Canning 101– preservation can be tricky so share your expertise! You can do this onsite, at your local community college outreach, or even online!
Maybe you own fiber animals and have the skills and tools to process the fiber at home? Fiber Processing is a very valuable service.
Bee Removal Service– I know some teens that bring in money doing this. Plus side- you can usually keep the swarm and raise it yourself for honey!
Love animals- Offer farm sitting so other homesteaders can go on vacation. Not too confident with livestock yet? Try just offering pet or house sitting services.
Do you have an eye for design? Offer Garden Planning and Design services to help others create that perfect outdoor space.
Maybe you have expertise or education in a certain area? Offer consultations for all sorts of things- erosion, soil, homestead set up, etc. Anything you can think of that would be of value to others who are just starting out!
Using Your Land to Make Money Farming
Your land can be a valuable asset when it comes to making a living. And not just for livestock or a large market garden. Here are a few ways to make your land pay for itself!
If your lot is heavily wooded and you want to clear it for pasture or gardens. Why not cut and split firewood for sale. Along the same lines you can mill the trees and offer rough cut lumber at a good price.
Maybe you have large rolling pastures? Cut and cure hay to sell.
You can also rent out your pastures to others- this is especially valuable to some horse owners.
Do you have wooded, mountain, or other natural settings on your property? Create trails for hiking, biking, or even fishing on your property and charge an admission fee. While you are at it, why not set up some nice camping or RV areas for people to stay overnight?
Do you have a large barn or arena? Outdoor gazebo? Why not offer your land and amenities for event rentals. Rustic weddings are very in right now!
Are you an empty nester with a large house? Maybe you could turn your home into a quaint bed and breakfast? On the same note- rustic cabinsare also popular. Lots of people want to get away from it all and hide in the mountains/country.
Farm tours are very big right now! Why not show the locals your lovely farm!
If you have the amenities why not turn your farm into a vacation destination? Visitors get to stay on site and learn how to work a farm- and you get paid!
Petting zoos are popular at many agritourism locations. If you have friendly goats, chickens, sheep, etc. Let the visiting kids pet and see your lovely animals! This is particularly great if you house some exotics on site.
Corn Mazes are cropping up all over the place these days and are a very popular fall destination. If you have the space- why not give it a shot?
Use Crops to Make Money from Your Land
Selling at a farmers market is one of the most popular income streams for farmers. You aren’t just limited to garden veggies though. You can also specialize in fruits or flowers!
Don’t want to set up at a market each week? CSAs are a great alternative and a great way to gain support from your community.
Don’t want to harvest at all? Try a U-Pick operation. Strawberries, blueberries, even just a U-Pick farm where customers can pick some of everything can work.
Orchard fruits are another option if you happen to have one on site. We love to go pick our own peaches, apples, etc every year.
Greenhouse Exotics can bring in quite a bit. Lots of fruits, such as citrus, can be grown in greenhouses overwinter. And bring top dollar at the market.
Pumpkin Patch. Who doesn’t love a pumpkin patch? Paired with a petting zoo and corn maze you can make a solid income in just a couple months.
Do you start your own seeds? Why not start a few extra and sell annual garden transplants to other local gardeners. Same goes with perennial transplants– herbs, flowers, etc. Use your seed starting skills for profit!
If you live in a “foodie” area, restaurants will often jump at a source for local culinary herbs. So get that basil, thyme, and rosemary growing!
You can also sell Medicinal/ Dried Herbs for use in teas or herbal salves.
Potted Houseplants– such as succulents, spider plants, even potted perennial herbs- can make a nice side income.
You can sell trees/saplings to local homeowners or landscaping companies.
Don’t have a big lot to grow in? Microgreens are very popular at markets and restaurants.
Do you grow heirloom seeds and save them year after year? Why not sell those seeds? Who doesn’t love organic, heirloom, local seeds? (You can even sell them online!)
Making Money with Food on Your Farm
Maybe your forte is in the kitchen. With the cottage laws cropping up all over you can legally sell from your home kitchen with very little red tape to get through. Be sure to check your laws before selling food items to the public.
Everyone loves fresh baked goods right? At our market the cakes and cookies flew out of the tent each week!
You can also offer catering services for special events- which makes a great pairing if you host events on site too!
Is decorating your special power? Specialty cakes for weddings, birthdays. showers, etc are very profitable.
Selling home grown, home canned products can also be profitable. If you have extra pickles, sauces, or salsas, why not put them up for sale? Same foes for homemade jams, jellies, and preserves.
Any condiment is an option. At our local market we had vendors selling flavored balsamic vinegar and fancy hot sauces!
Value Added Products to Make You Money from Your Farm
Many times the farther you process an item, the more money you can get for it. There are a lot of ways you can add value to the previously listed things and create even more income. Such as:
Do you keep guineas, peafowl, or even just chickens? Selling feathers bring in minimal income by feather jewelry can bring in a lot more. I sell earrings from guinea feathers!
Remember that fiber processing? Why not offer to take the fiber farther and sell fiber bats. Or even farther and sell spun yarn? How about knit or crochet that yarn into something? Or felt your fiber into a finished work of art? Offer all of these above and you can multiple income streams from one item [fiber].
Are you a master with wood? Why not sell hand turned wood items? Bowls, pens, rolling pins, platter, art!
Same goes for wood carving– you can carve walking sticks, plaques, knife handles, anything!
Making specialty items such as handmade wood furniture or toys can also be profitable.
You can even use free wood such as wooden pallets to create recycled wood art– signs, planters, even furniture!
Build Bee Hives– top bar hives are fairly simple to make and you can customize them for each customer.
Take your herbs and beeswax and create all sorts of salves and ointments. You can sell them locally at the market or even online in places like etsy!
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The Sky is the Limit!
The main thing to remember when trying to build a profitable farm is to think of as many income streams as possible. Eventually you may settle into just a few that provide the best returns, but when you are just starting out just try anything! Use your skills- even if they aren’t farm related. You can make money doing website design. Or taking pictures. Or even writing
It’s totally possible to be your own boss and make money farming!